Drs. Grant and Conger
602 Main Street, Dalton, GA 30720

Glossary of Dental Terms

Abscess

An infection in a tooth, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation.

 

Abutment

Tooth or tooth root that supports or stabilizes a bridge, denture, or other prosthetic appliance.

 

Adhesive Dentistry

Process in which composite resin is adhered to the existing enamel of a tooth. This can be used to repair or improve the appearance of a tooth.

 

Allergy

An abnormal reaction of the body to a drug or foreign substance.

 

Anesthesia

General or local insensibility to pain, induced by certain interventions or drugs to permit the performance of surgery or other painful procedures.

 

Anterior Teeth

The six upper and lower front teeth. These consist of incisors and cuspids.

 

Bicuspid or pre-molar

Any of eight teeth located in pairs on each side of the upper and lower jaws between the cuspids and molars.

 

Bonding

A procedure for restoring the discolored or damaged surface of a tooth by coating it with composite resin that adheres to the existing enamel.

 

Bridge

An artificial replacement of a missing tooth or teeth, attached by cement or composite resin to natural teeth or roots adjacent to the space.

 

Crown

1.             The part of a tooth that is covered by enamel and not covered by gum tissue.

2.             An artificial substitute, as of gold or porcelain, which entirely covers the anatomical crown of a tooth

 

Cuspid or canine

The four pointed or conical teeth also commonly known as ‘eyeteeth’.

 

DDS

Doctor of Dental Surgery

 

Dentin

Hard tissue that forms the inner layer of the structure of a tooth and is situated beneath the surface enamel

 

Dental implant

A metal screw (often titanium) that is surgically anchored in the gums or jawbone to support a dental appliance or replace a missing tooth.

 

Denture

An artificial replacement of some or all of the natural teeth

 

Disease of the gums

Periodontal disease (also called “Gum Disease” or “Periodontal Disease”) involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. If not removed, plaque builds up on the teeth and ultimately irritates the gums and causes bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss. More than 75 percent of Americans over 35 have some form of gum disease.

 

DMD

Doctor of Dental Medicine

 

Enamel

The hard layer covering of the crown of a tooth.

 

Endodontics

The area of dentistry concerned with the treatment of the dental pulp or nerve of the tooth.

 

Endodontists

Endodontists are dentists who have additionally 2-3 years of training following dental school and typically limit their practice to root canal therapy and root canal surgery. Very often Endodontists earn a graduate degree (Master’s degree) as well as specialized certified training. While some Dentists perform root canals themselves, generally Dentists will refer a patient requiring Endodontics to a trained Endodontist.

 

Filling

A substance, such as metal, porcelain or resin, that is used to replace lost tooth structured caused by decay.

 

Gingivitis

Inflammation of the gums.

 

Halitosis

Bad breath

 

Incisors

The four front teeth in either the upper or lower jaw.

 

Malocclusion

Faulty contact between the upper and lower teeth, causing these teeth to be misaligned.

 

Mandible

The lower jaw

 

Maxilla

The upper jaw

 

Molars

Teeth for grinding food, located in the back of the mouth on either side.

 

Nerve (root) canal

Hollow passage inside of a tooth, inhabited by nerve tissue.

 

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases or injuries upper jaw or face.

 

Oral Surgeon

An Oral Surgeon (“Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon” or OMFS) first receive their training in dentistry and then continue further specialization in treating the areas of the mouth, jaws and the face as well as associated structures. While Oral Surgeons often additionally go on to study medicine and may go so far to take a Medical Degree (MD), a medical degree is not required for an OMFS to practice. Oral & maxillofacial surgery is universally recognized as a one of the nine specialties of dentistry.

 

Orthodontics

Orthodontics is an area of dentistry that involved the treatment of improper bites (“malocclusions”) making use of a variety of devises, most commonly, braces, to move teeth or adjust underlying bone. The word comes from the Greek words ortho meaning straight and odons meaning tooth.

 

Orthodontist

Orthodontists first complete 4 years of dental school training (DDS). Orthodontists additionally complete 2-3 of residency training focused on the specific treatment and realignment of misaligned teeth with devises including braces, retainers and other methods.

 

Overbite

Condition in which the upper incisors overlap the lower ones.

 

Pediatric Dentistry

The practice of dentistry on children.

 

Pediatric Dentist

Pediatric Dentists (or Pediodontists) study an additional 2 years in a residency program following their graduation from dental school. As specified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Pediatric Dentists study advanced diagnostic and surgical procedures, along with child psychology and clinical management, oral pathology, child-related pharmacology, radiology, child development, management of oral/facial trauma, care for patients with special needs, conscious sedation and general anesthesia.

 

Periodontics/Periodontist

Periodontists typically study for an additional 3 years following dental school. During their clinical training, Periodontists are involved in learning both the treatment, as well as prevention techniques for periodontal diseases. Periodontists may also study advanced surgical techniques such as periodontal plastic surgery, and dental implant placement.According to the American Academy of Periodontology there are currently 52 institutions offer advanced training programs in periodontics in the United States

 

Periodontal Disease(also known as Periodontics)

Periodontal disease, also called “gum disease”, involves bacterial growth (a colorless film, called “plaque”) that gradually destroys the tissue surrounding the teeth. When plaque builds up on the teeth, it can result in gum irritation and possibly bleeding. If left untreated, bone and surrounding tissue will decay, resulting in loose teeth, or worse, tooth loss

 

Plaque

Deposit of saliva, food and bacteria that accumulates on the teeth in the from of a whitish, sticky substance.

 

Prosthodontics

The area of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth or jaw structures by bridges, dentures, or other artificial devices.

 

Prosthodontist

Specialist who must complete dental training (DDS) and then continue for an additional 3 years of specialty training in the area of prosthodontics (i.e. implants, esthetic and reconstructive dentistry). Cosmetic dentistry, implants and joint problems all fall under the field of prosthodontics

 

Root

The embedded portion of a tooth that connects it to the jaw.

 

Root Canal

The space inside the root of the tooth. This space contains the pulp.

Also, this is the term commonly used for root canal therapy, a procedure in which the nerve and tissues are removed from the canal and replaced with filling material.

 

Splint

Means of securing one or more loose teeth to one or more healthy, secure teeth.

 

 

Tartar

Calculus on the teeth; a hard, yellowish substance that attracts plaque.

 

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint syndrome and TMJ joint disorders are medical problems related to the jaw joint. The TMJ connects the lower jaw to the skull.

 

Veneer

A thin layer of plastic or porcelain applied to the outside of the tooth for aesthetic purposes.

 

Wisdom Teeth

Third molars; the last teeth to appear in the mouth. These teeth usually appear between the ages of 18 and 25. They are so called because they appear later in life when a person is physically mature.

 

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Great and down to earth , skilled at what they do.
Edward S.
My visit is always pleasant here. ALL the staff is very nice and professional. The office and waiting area are always clean
Sherie C.
Very professional and helpul. Explained all the procedures which inabled me to make the right decision.
Richard L.
The dental hygienist was very good and thorough to look at everything. She did not hurt my gums. I really liked Sarah cleaning my teeth.
Sheila Y.
Becky is an outstanding hygienist!
David W.
Service was excellent. Great staff.
Curtis E.
Very professional and on schedule!
Debra P.
Fantastic.
Nathan P.
Great staff and service. I couldn't be more pleased.
Allan P.
Fine careing and considerate people, Have used this practice for over 30 years.
James C.
Very happy with the service, everyone is very friendly and helpful!!
Joan P.
The staff is excellent and they think about the patient .they try to take all the pain away with all procedures how ever they can help.
Jeffery S.
Great folks!
Tammy H.
Great safe. They are very sweet and easy to deal with. Dr.Grant is wonderful! He does an amazing job and is very gentle.
Samantha K.
Everyone was polite.
Kaitlind C.
You guys were awesome.
Shayvon J.
Very nice! I thought my appointment was 30 later than it really was and they were so nice about it when I showed up they got me right in! Lady at […]
Amanda P.
Everyone is always so friendly -- feels a bit like home!!!
Donna F.
Friendly, professional service!
James B.
Excellent service, as always! Quickly in and out.
Casey B.
I have been going here for years, and Dr. Grant and his entire staff go out of their way to make your experience a great one. I wouldn't choose […]
Will P.
Great dentist
Aracely M.
I saw Dr. Sammy Carden and his assistant, Jennifer, for a crown prep. All went very well.
David W.
Very Friendly staff!
Brenda L.
I am not a fan of going to the dentist. At all! But, I felt incredibly comfortable at Grant & Conger DDS. Everyone was so nice and helpful!
Jill C.
Very quick app. Courteous and professional.
Curtis E.
Very good service!!
Josalyn S.
Always provides excellent care.
Holly B.
staff friendly and informative
Chaz H.
Pleasant and friendly staff. My kids were in and out with their cleaning.
Jordan S.
Very positive visit and received guidance on future discount for those without insurance
Rick J.
The front office staff is very warm and welcoming. The dentist did an excellent job. I was not in any pain and felt very comfortable.
Kimberly B.
Everyone at your office is always so personable and compassionate! I always have a very positive experience when I come to your office. Thank you all […]
Mary W.
Everything in the office is clean and organized. Every time I have an appointment, I am met with a smile and treated with respect of my dental needs.
George H.
Very good with my nervous daughter
Ashley O.
Timely, professional and friendly.
Michael D.
I had a great experience and everyone was so helpful!!
Tierra N.
Very happy with my visits, Susan does a very excellent job.
Charlotte H.
Dr. Cardin gave a cowardly patient the best dental experience I have ever had, & that was with a root canal. The office provides a wonderful […]
Jennifer W.
ALWAYS A GREAT EXPERIENCE .
Nathan H.
Love the staff here! Keep doing a great job!
Victoria C.
Sensitive and understanding. Took time to explain everything. Great experience with dr. Grant
Philip R.
The BEST dentist office in Dalton!!!!!!
Tommy K.
Everyone was very courteous and professional, great atmosphere.
Floyd G.
Staff very professional and friendly. Highly recommend!
Stacy F.
Friendly, professional, prompt, and thorough. Dr. Part and his staff are great! I recommend them to everyone!
Casey B.
I would definately recommend dr. Grant and the staff beccause they are very friendly and a great group of people.
Jeffery S.
Always well organized and professional. Staff is very friendly, knowledgable, and helpful. I enjoy each visit.
Brittney C.
I was taken back in a reasonable length of time and was seen by the dentist as quickly as I was numb enough to be worked on.
Joan H.
Susan is the greatest and was very helpful with my dental hygiene.
Larry D.
Office Hours
Mon. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Tue. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Sat. – Closed
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (706) 847-4165
Fax: (706) 278-7279
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Office Hours
  • Monday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • Saturday Closed
  • Sunday Closed
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